It is that time of year again and quite naturally I have been thinking quite a bit about Sfratti, a cookie originating in the picturesque hilltop top of Pitigliano traditionally prepared by Italian Jews to celebrate the holiday of Rosh Hashanah. The walnut filling is the ultimate combination of intoxicating spice and honey scented with orange peel. In recent years we have been blessed with the gift of honey drawn from the hives of dear friends, making the Sfratti that much more special.
The English translation for sfratto is eviction and refers to a time when landlords would employ a stick to evict unwanted Jewish tenants. The cookie’s shape mimics the shape of the stick to serve as a reminder of an unhappy time in history. Symbolic sweets to commemorate the struggles of a people is a recurring theme in Jewish life, and the Italian Jewish community has quite an extensive repertoire of symbolic sweets weaving together their Italian and Jewish heritages.
Years ago Edda Servi Machlin documented the culinary history of her family in Pitigliano with two volumes; The Classic Cuisine of the Italian Jews I & II . Her documentation of a way of life long gone is fascinating from a historical prospective. A second excellent resource of Italian Jewish Cuisine, in Italian only I’m afraid, La Cucina della Tradition Ebraica (the kitchen in the Jewish tradition) recounts the traditions of the melting pot that has been the Italian Jewish community through holiday celebrations.
The Sfratti are formed in log shapes resembling crude sticks and at first glance may not seem terribly appealing; don’t be fooled. The pastry is a mixture of flour bound with white wine and olive oil, readily available ingredients without using any dairy making the little pastries suitable for a meat meal for those observing Kosher laws. It can be quickly made in the work bowl of a food processor and finished with a bit of hand kneading. The dough is especially easy to work with once it has rested in the refrigerator, making rolling out the pieces a snap.
I realize that most of you may not be as fortunate as I to have bee keepers are friends so select the honey carefully as this is the fragrant binding agent for the filling; I often like to combine different honey such as a floral one from Italy along with a bitter local artichoke honey to create a more complex flavor profile. As you heat the honey along with the orange rind, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper the aroma redolent of the once powerful spice trade in Italy fills the room. Once the lightly toasted walnuts have been added it is difficult to resist sampling the hot concoction straight from the pan.
Sfratti are so easy to make and can be frozen in stick form until ready to use. Traditionally the sticks are cut on a diagonal into diamond like shapes, but I prefer to cut them in to 3/4” slices when ready to serve.
- 3 cups of AP or 00 flour
- 1 cup of granulated sugar
- Large pinch of kosher salt
- ⅔ cup of dry white wine
- ⅓ cup olive oil
- Grated zest of one lemon
- 1 cup of flavorful honey, I combined a floral honey and artichoke honey
- ½ tsp. ground cinnamon
- ½ tsp. freshly ground black pepper
- ½ tsp. freshly ground nutmeg
- ¼ tsp. ground cloves
- Grated rind of 2 oranges
- 4 cups of walnuts, lightly toasted and hand chopped
- Flour for rolling the pastry
- Combine the white wine and olive oil in a pitcher. Place the flour, sugar, salt, and grated lemon peel into the work bowl of a food processor and pulse until mixed thoroughly. With the processor running, pour the wine and oil mixture into the processor and run until a soft dough begins to form, do not over-process. Remove the loosely formed dough to a work surface and knead for for a few minutes until the dough comes together and is smooth. Cover in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least two hours.
- Have two heavy duty baking sheets lined with parchment paper.
- Assemble the ingredients for the filling, having a medium sized saucepan on the stove. Place the honey, spices and orange rind in the saucepan over medium heat and bring to a boil, watch the pot carefully, you do not want the honey to boil over. Reduce the flame if necessary and gently boil for about 3 minutes, stirring to be sure that the spices and orange rind are well combined. The room will fill with the most wonderful aroma. Add the nuts and give the pot a good stir to be sure that they are evenly coated with the perfumed honey mixture. Continue to stir for an additional 5 minutes over medium heat. Remove from the stove and allow to cool for 5 to 10 minutes, giving the walnut filling a good stir every so often; you do not want it to get completely cold and solidify.
- In the meantime, remove the pastry from the refrigerator and divide into 6 even pieces, forming each into a ball which you will hand stretch into a small rectangle of about 2 inches by 4 inches. Lightly flour the work surface and roll the dough into a 10 X 4 inch rectangle; arrange the finished rectangles on the work surface to be filled.
- Preheat the oven to 375º.
- Using a large spoon place a row of filling down the center of each of the pieces of rolled pastry, dividing the filling equally among the 6 pieces of pastry. Roll the pastry dough around the filling, turning the “sticks” so the seam is at the bottom. Pinch together both ends of each of the logs and place 3 on each of the baking sheets.
- Place in the preheated oven for 20 to 25 minutes or until the pastry is light golden. Halfway during the baking process reverse the position and shelf of the trays. Remove to a rack to cool completely. Once the Sfratti are completely cool, you may cut them into slices or on the diagonal. The “sticks” may also be wrapped in foil for several weeks or frozen. Slice when you are ready to serve.
This is a new one for me. They really look delicious—and not too difficult to make.
Pitigliano is a place I’ve always wanted to visit, ever since I bought a book on Italian Jewish cookery way back in the early 1980s. Haven’t made it there, however… shows you how I procrastinate!
I don’t think it is a question of procrastination, just that there are so many special hamlets in Italy, one needs a lifetime to visit them all. The drive to Pitigliano alone is pure splendor, it is very much worth the trip I promise you. The cookies are quite straightforward without fuss and definitely a crowd pleaser.
Arielle Hendel says
Pitigliano has a special memory for me and the ‘logs’ we purchased there were delicious, if not a little stale. I can’t wait to try these!
Arielle, these days I always associate Pitigliano with you. Your enthusiasm to learn about the Italian Jewish community energized an entire delegation. Sfratti celebrates the hope of the new year while still maintaining a symbolic reminder of the past. Your culinary skills are excellent and these should be a snap for you.
Thank you. When we visited Pitigliano some years ago, my heart was warmed when I saw these. They reminded me of many days spent making strudel with my grandmother. Your recipe made me decide exactly what I will make as my part of our holiday dinner with friends in Ranagno sull’Arno, just outside Firenze. Can’t wait to “borrow’ an oven to make them. And, as always my grandma will be looking over my shoulder.
What a vivid & beautiful memory of Pitigliano and your beloved Grandmother. I don’t think that most Americans understand that often you will not find an oven in Italian kitchens, thank you for pointing that out. Hoping that the Sfratti will bring you an even sweeter New Year, Chag Samech.
Sina @ the kosher spoon says
I love the history behind this cookie, and the flavors as well.
Thank you so much Sina – The Italian community of Italy is a passion of mine and sharing recipes along with the story behind them brings to life important aspects of our community.
Honey and nuts is such a recurring theme in Italian baking. I can only imagine how wonderful the flavors must be with fresh honey …
So much history in Italy, with so many wonderful stories of cities and people that need to be shared. Thank you for sharing the history of Pitigliano. Great post 🙂
Marie, thank you for your kinds words and I am so glad that you enjoyed the post. The honey, nuts and spices make a wonderful filling for almost anything. Pitigliano is a magical place with an incredible history, as so many spots in Italy are. History has some wonderful lessons that can be reflected upon today.